Choosing job applicants to hire in online labor markets is challenging. Employers need to assess a heterogeneous population to identify the best applicant at hand. Recommender systems can provide targeted job applicant recommendations that help employers make better-informed and faster hiring choices. However, existing recommenders that rely on multiple user evaluations per recommended item (e.g., collaborative filtering) experience structural limitations in recommending job applicants: Because each job application receives only a single evaluation, these recommenders can only estimate noisy user-user and item-item similarities. On the other hand, existing recommenders that rely on classification techniques overcome this limitation. Yet these systems ignore the hired worker’s performance—and as a result, they uniformly reinforce prior observed behavior that includes unsuccessful hiring choices—while they overlook potential sequential dependencies between consecutive choices of the same employer.
This work addresses these shortcomings by building a framework that uses job-application characteristics to provide recommendations that (1) are unlikely to yield adverse outcomes (performance-aware) and (2) capture the potentially evolving hiring preferences of employers (sequence-aware). Application of this framework on hiring decisions from an online labor market shows that it recommends job applicants who are likely to get hired and perform well. A comparison with advanced alternative recommender systems illustrates
the benefits of modeling performance-aware and sequence-aware recommendations. An empirical adaptation of our approach in an alternative context (restaurant recommendations) illustrates its generalizability and highlights its potential implications for users, employers, workers, and markets.